Thursday, September 18, 2014

Ixil communities of Nebaj express opposition to US-led extraction in their territory

"Historically, we have never received the support of the state or the government for our development, which is why it seems fair that we be able to take advantage of our own natural resources in order to improve the living conditions of our people according to our own vision of development." 

Letter from communities of Nebaj to US-owned Double Crown Resources Inc.

In May 2014, US-owned natural resource exploration and development company, Double Crown Resources, Inc., bought the exclusive rights to all barite production from the Bilojom II mine site located near Salquil Grande, Vicalamá and Tzalbal, three Maya Ixil communities in the municipality of Santa Maria Nebaj. Despite having already presented their formal opposition to the imposition of large-scale projects on their territory to the Guatemalan Congress in 2010, plans to ramp up the extraction of barite, a non-metalic mineral used primarily for petroleum and natural gas drilling and extraction processes, continue.

In response, representatives from the affected communities submitted letters to Guatemalan and international authorities in which they reject the extraction of barite on their communally owned lands and demand respect for the right to consultation and self-determination.

Community representatives meet with the Guatemala Human Rights Ombudsman. Photo NISGUA

NISGUA joined the communities in submitting our own letter to Double Crown Resources (en español aquí) expressing our concern regarding the imposition of mining projects without the free, prior and informed consent of the indigenous population. Likewise, we are concerned by the participation of a US-owned company in the ongoing usurpation and exploitation of Ixil lands and peoples given the history of genocide and forced displacement in the region during the internal armed conflict.

While clandestine extraction of barite from the region known as Corralcub has been occurring illegally since the early 1990s, the involvement of Double Crown Resources, through their relationship with the Mexico-based Geominas de Guatemala S.A., indicates a concerning turning point for the imposition of large-scale extractive projects in the department of Quiché. Double Crown Resources plans to export an estimated 10 thousand metric tons of what they consider to be extremely high-quality barite to their soon-to-be completed processing plant in New Orleans, LA.

Widespread community opposition is focused on concerns regarding the impact on local water sources. During a previous phase of barite extraction beginning in 2003, Geominas utilized dynamite to remove the mineral, causing massive destruction of the natural environment that local communities depend on. Communities explain the impacts stating, "As a result of the constant explosions, the springs from Vijolom II that served the community of Salquil Grande dried up, and thousands of people in the surrounding  communities were left without drinking water."

In their letter, communities also call into question the legality of the mining licenses given that the land in question is communal property of the ejido of the municipality of Santa Maria Nebaj. "This land is the property, not only of the municipality of Nebaj, but also of each and every citizen of the municipality. This is to say that the land is communally owned and managed by the indigenous farming communities and is protected under the communal system by the communities and peoples, as well as by their municipal authorities."

NISGUA has provided on-the-ground human rights accompaniment to communities, witnesses and survivors in the municipality of Nebaj since 2001 when the legal case for genocide and crimes against humanity against former general Efraín Ríos Montt was filed. In May 2014, the witnesses and survivors of the Association for Justice and Reconciliation along with their legal team, achieved what many believed was impossible – Ríos Montt was convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity and sentenced to 80 years in prison.

Over the years, we have heard stories from our partners in Nebaj about how the violence of the 1980s sought to eliminate their families and communities through massacres, extra-judicial executions and forced displacement. We have also heard about the ways in which that violent past has continued into the present – how the current attempts to remove the indigenous Ixil population from their ancestral, communal lands ring as alarming echoes of the past. 

Certainly the tactics have changed – communities are not attacked with tanks and bombs, but rather by an army of multi-national development firms that threaten their communities with the very same displacement and loss of culture. The opposition to Bilojom II mine is just one of many examples throughout Guatemala in which indigenous communities, in the midst of healing and seeking justice for the deep wounds of the armed conflict, have stood up in defense of their land, livelihoods and culture.

NISGUA Fall Tour 2014


FULL ITINERARY:

SEATTLE, WA.; OCTOBER 2-6
Area Contact Phil Neff: phil.neff@gmail.com

OCTOBER 2
Seattle University, 1:30-2:30pm
901 12th Avenue
Bannan Building, Room 102
Seattle, WA 98122

Traditions Fair Trade Café; 7-8:30pm
$5-15 Sliding Donation
300 5th Avenue SW
Olympia, WA 98501

OCTOBER 3
Duwamish Longhouse & Cultural Center, 5:00pm
With Special Guest: Ken Workman of the Duwamish Tribal Council
$5-15 Sliding Donation
4705 W Marginal Way SW
Seattle, WA 98106

OCTOBER 4
KEXP Radio Interview, 7:15-8:00am


Black Coffee Café; 1:30 - 3:30pm
Cosponsored by Rising Tide & Sweetwater Nannauck of Idle No More Washington
501 E Pine Street
Seattle, WA

St. Leo's Church Community Event; 6:15-7:45pm
710 S 13th Street
Tacoma, WA

OCTOBER 5

Rest

OCTOBER 6
University of Puget Sound, 12:30pm
Murray Board Room
Wheelock Center

University of Washington, 5:00pm
Allen Auditorium
482 Allen Library
Seattle, WA 98195

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PORTLAND, OR.; OCTOBER 7-8

OCTOBER 7
Lunchtime Talk with Lewis and Clark Law, 12-1pm
Sponsored by the Environmental Justice Advocates at Lewis and Clark Law School
10015 SW Terwilliger Blvd.
Portland, OR 97219
Contact: Jonathan Ostar – jon@opalpdx.org

Community event with American Friends Service Committee, 3:00pm
Multnomah Meeting House
4312 SE Stark Street
Portland, OR 97215
Contact: Pedro Sosa – psosa@afsc.org

Community event with OPAL - Environmental Justice Oregon, 5:30pm
2407 SE 49th Ave. (corner of Division St.)
Portland, OR 97206
Contact: Jonathan Ostar –  jon@opalpdx.org

OCTOBER 8
Portland Community College SE Campus, 11:00am-1:00pm
2305 SE 82nd Avenue
Room TBD
Portland, OR 97216
Contact: Kathleen Holloway; khollowa@pcc.edu

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SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA,  CA.; OCTOBER 9-13
Area Contact: Megan Whelan; megan@nisgua.org
 
OCTOBER 9
City College of San Francisco, 10:30am
1125 Valencia Street, Room 109
San Francisco, CA

San Francisco State University, 2:00pm
1630 Holloway Avenue; Library Room 121
San Francisco, CA

OCTOBER 10
Santa Clara University, 11:50am
500 El Camino Real
Recital Hall (1st floor in the Music & Dance Facility)
Campus Map: http://www.scu.edu/map/73/
Santa Clara, CA 95053

California Institute for Integral Studies, 7:00pm
Closed event
1453 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94103

OCTOBER 12
Community event at the Mexican Heritage Plaza 
12:00pm
Sponsored by New Fire, The School for Arts and Culture and Teatro Visión
Lobby Meeting Room
1700 Alum Rock Avenue
San Jose, CA 95116

Indigenous Peoples Day Forum on Resistance and Resilience in the Face of Displacement; 4:30pm
Sponsored by: GABRIELA SF; Movement Generation; New Fire; APEN; AROC
Good Samaritan Family Resource Center
1294 Potrero Avenue
 San Francisco, CA 94110

OCTOBER 13
Indigenous People’s Day Sunrise Ceremony; 5:30am
Alcatraz Island

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WASHINGTON, D.C.; OCTOBER 14-15

OCTOBER 14
Brown Bag Lunch at the Center for International Environmental Law, 12:00pm
1350 Connecticut Ave NW
Washington, DC 20036

OCTOBER 15
Howard University, 12:00pm
2400 Sixth Street NW
Washington, DC 20059

UUCA/PAG event, 7:00pm
4444 Arlington Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22204
Contact: Erin Fitzgerald; erin.lynn.fitzgerald@comcast.net